U.S. Textile Industry
The U.S. textile industry, its domestic suppliers and customers are comprised of the following: yarn and fabric manufacturers, suppliers in the cotton, wool, and man-made fiber sectors, dyers, printers, and finishers, the machinery and textile chemical industries, and our customers in the U.S. apparel industry.
The U.S. textile industry, suppliers and our customers are an important component of the U.S. economy and are found in every region of the country. The industry provides much needed jobs in rural areas and has functioned as a springboard for workers out of poverty into good paying jobs for generations.
The industry is also a key contributor to our national defense and supplies over 8,000 products a year to our men and women in uniform.
Finally, the industry is major factor in high-tech innovation. Textile products are now major components in everything from heart valves and stents to aircraft bodies and advanced body armor.
Key Facts About the U.S. Textile Industry
- The U.S. textile industry supply chain—from textile fibers to apparel and other sewn products—employed 585,240 workers in 2019. The U.S. government estimates that one textile manufacturing job in this country supports three other jobs.
- U.S. textile and apparel shipments totaled $75.8 billion in 2019.
- The U.S. industry is the second largest exporter of textile-related products in the world. Fiber, textile, and apparel exports combined were $29.1 billion in 2019.
- Excluding raw cotton and wool, two thirds of U.S. textile supply chain exports went to our Western Hemisphere free trade partners in 2019. The entire U.S. textile supply chain exported to more than 200 countries, with 24 countries importing $100 million or more.
- The U.S. textile industry supplies more than 8,000 different textile products to the U.S. military.
- The United States is the world leader in textile research and development, with the U.S. textile complex developing next generation textile materials such as conductive fabric with anti-static properties, electronic textiles that can monitor heart rate and other vital signs, antimicrobial fibers, lifesaving body armor, and new fabrics that adapt to the climate to make the wearer warmer or cooler.
- The U.S. textile industry invested $18.7 billion in new plants and equipment from 2009 to 2018. Recently U.S. manufacturers have opened new facilities throughout the textile production chain, including recycling facilities to convert textile and other waste to new textile uses and resins.
- U.S. textile mills have increased labor productivity by 69% since 2000.
- In 2019, hourly and nonsupervisory textile mill workers on average earned more than twice as much as apparel store workers ($722 per week vs. $314) and received healthcare and retirement benefits.